Increased deposit fees and improved consumer access could help boost California’s beverage container return rate, currently the third-worst among bottle bill states
Los Angeles, CA — SB 38 (D- Wieckowski), a bill to save the collapsing bottle deposit system by putting the responsibility for recycling empty CRV containers onto the beverage industry, passed the Senate Environmental Quality Committee today in a decisive first step towards modernizing California’s rigid and antiquated system, Consumer Watchdog said today.
The bill, which passed by a vote on 5 to 2, next goes to Senate Appropriations Committee.
“The redemption rate in California at 58% is the third-worst among bottle deposit states in America,” Jamie Court, President of Consumer Watchdog, testified before the committee. “SB 38 brings California in line with every successful bottle deposit program in America and the world. By charging the beverage industry as the system operator, and upping the deposit as an incentive to have a higher redemption rate, SB 38 will remake the bottle deposit program into one where an 85% redemption rate is attainable.”
Court testified that redemption centers have closed in record number and retailers are not taking back empties. More grocers are opting out, he said. 75% of Whole Foods stores have opted out of redeeming bottles and cans. Consumers have nowhere to turn, except curbside, where they forfeit their CRV and the bottles and cans suffer from extreme contamination and 1 in 4 wind up in landfill.
“We just need the courage to take on the special interests that have taken this program for a ride for too long,” Court testified. “With the courage, we can remake this program into one that works for the consumer and the environment, ending pollution and curbing climate change, and making sure CRV paid is not a tax because there is a convenient way to get your money back.”
Last week eight consumer groups –Consumer Watchdog, The Story of Stuff Project, Climate Hawks Vote, Environment California, Save Our Shores. Food & Water Watch, Greenaction, and Alliance of Nurses for Healthy Environments — wrote Democratic Senator Bob Wieckowski a letter of support for SB 38 because it will create a new model for deposit refunds that will make deposit refunds easy and also protect the environment.
Read their support letter here: https://www.consumerwatchdog.
If passed, the bill sets a high redemption target of 85% and allows the industry to craft and run the system with oversight from the state recycling regulator, CalRecycle. It would allow the industry to keep a limited amount of unredeemed deposits to administer the system but require them to spend the vast majority of any leftover money to improve consumer access.
Such systems in other successful bottle deposit programs and in other countries have been proven to raise redemption rates dramatically through the efficient use of new technology. That technology includes the installation of reverse vending machines and automated bag drop locations that automatically take empties and issue credit to consumers.
Meanwhile, California has dropped to third to last in redemption rates among ten bottle deposit states:
New York 65%
A dearth of redemption points makes it almost impossible for consumers to get deposits back now that more than half of all redemption centers have closed since 2013. Beverage retailers that are supposed to be recyclers of last resort illegally turn away up to two thirds of consumers trying to redeem deposits inside stores. Hours long lines at redemption centers are common and currently Out of 58 counties, 31 have five or fewer redemption centers still open.
“Reforming the system so that it serves consumers also serves to build the circular economy that Gov. Newsom has called for by using waste for remanufacturing,” said Court. “High redemption rates will provide more clean, recyclable material to instate manufacturers. That will make California a true climate leader.”